Report on European Association of Development Institutions on â€˜Womenâ€™s Movements Responses to New Global Political and Economic Dynamicsâ€™
Report by Wendy Harcourt
Wednesday 9 July 2014, by
Feministschool: The â€˜Civic Innovation Research Initiativeâ€™ (CIRI) of the International Institute of Social Studies (ISS) of Erasmus University presented at the recent EADI General Conference held in Bonn in June 2014 a panel on changing dynamics in womenâ€™s movements due to new global political and economic arrangements. The three papers presented by four ISS scholars and associates examined the challenges and difficulties faced by Egyptian women during the â€˜Arab Springâ€™; Iranian womenâ€™s contribution to the green revolution reflecting on the growing diaspora of Iranian feminists; and the responses of youth and womenâ€™s solidarity movements to the economic crises hitting southern Europe.
Wendy Harcourt, Associate Professor at ISS, who chaired the session, explained that the papers were part of the Sexuality Research Initiativeâ€™s contribution to the ISS Civic innovation initiative New forms of localized economic politics emerging or what she theorizes as â€˜place-based globalismâ€™ which looks at how different community economies are linking through the politics of place to create an ethical and political rather than structural conception of economic dynamics. She pointed out that in this imaginary the economy is seen as a diversified social space using the iceberg figure of JK Gibson Graham. At the centre of these forms of economies are new economic subjects and ethical practices of self-cultivation. The research looks at place-based globalism as an alternative logic of politics; one that invests in what is to become not in what is to be replaced. She argued that place based globalism offers a crucial role for alternative discourses by social movements which connects the private and public, the domestic and national, local and the global, changing the rigid boundaries of established political and economic discourse.
Gendered and Generational responses to the economic crisis in southern Europe
Wendy Harcourt and Paulina Trejo Mendez a PhD student at ISS presented the first paper on womenâ€™s movement organizing in response to the economic crises. They explained how they were using JK Gibson-Grahamâ€™s understanding of solidarity economies and the â€˜place-based globalismâ€™ approach. Taking examples from Madrid in Spain and Bolsena in Italy, they looked at new forms of solidarity across the generations in southern European countries, as women and youth.
Feminism and social movements struggle for democracy in and outside Iran
ISS visiting scholar Mansoureh Shojaee gave a history of the struggles of the Iranian womenâ€™s movement in the struggle for democracy and gender equality in Iran. She examined several key historical moments of the womenâ€™s movements looking at the campaigns, the different alliances formed, the types of strategies, the oppressions by the state and the resistances. Via pictures and photos that traced her own active engagement in the movements she concluded that there are now three areas which she will be looking at in her future research:
â€¢ projecting voice through cyber arena,
â€¢ public campaigns and
â€¢ womenâ€™s associations working in academia, activist and civil society.
Questions of Neoliberal Subjectivity: The Effects of Transnational Funding on Civil Society and Egyptian Women
ISS PhD student Sara Salem looked at the ways in which transnational funding relies on specific assumptions about gender equality in order to attempt to create a neoliberal subjectivity in Egypt. She argued that this is done primarily through grants and funding provided to Egyptian civil society, as well as through reports and press releases. She provided an overview of the Gramscian approach to civil society and the ways in which it challenges a liberal conceptualization. She then discussed how transnational donors have attempted to create a neoliberal subjectivity in Egypt through their programs with Egyptian civil society that focus on gender equality.
The discussion which followed looked at the different approaches to womenâ€™s movements resistance and shaping of alternatives to development discourse with an interesting discussion on the intersectionality, embodiment and how to move away from a capitalocentric view of the economy and â€˜developmentâ€™.